A newspaper is one of many types of print media. It’s a kind of periodical printed on paper, or electronically; purposely for carrying news worthy events and information from one place to the other. Although there are different types of newspaper out there, they usually have effect on their audience as their contents, format, language and style are mostly different.
Historically, newspaper is one of the earliest forms of print media and it has come a long way to embrace civilization and technology with the use of color, photography, new printing techniques and most importantly, with the boom of online news as well as interactive webpages.
With newspaper, thousands of audiences living in different geographical locations stand the chance to read the latest news and happenings, opinions on world politics, rumors in the realm of sports, trending styles and fashion, etc. simultaneously without one affecting the other.
Types of Newspaper According to Time of Publication
Daily newspaper is often published on a daily basis. It does contain the most recent news and events that spread every day. News events usually dominant the entire section of these publications.
This class of periodicals are published and distributed at least once in a week, in most time; on Saturday or Sunday. Usually weekly publications do contain news enlarged with special details or information that are linked to it. Weeklies give more rooms to investigative journalism as well as opinion of renowned figures in a certain field.
- Bi-weekly, Monthly or Quarterly Newspapers
These periodicals are mostly distributed as business publications. The content type that this publication do contain is usually limited, and it is always targeted to a smaller audience.
Types of Newspaper by Time of Distribution
Morning papers are mostly of daily circulation, and they are distributed across the country before dawn in other to enable their readers to “consume” it at the earliest hours of the day.
Evening papers are distributed across the country in the afternoon as it usually contains information on events that happened in the morning. Sometimes, it does complement the content published in the early hour of the day.
However, newspaper audiences depend greatly on the forms of newspaper in circulation. It is either they read the broadsheet or the tabloid form. Hence, we’ll quickly take a look at the forms of newspaper before delving into our main topic of discussion.
Let’s get started…
Different Forms of Newspaper
Since newspaper is one of the print media publications with a certain frequency and information formatted to suit the taste of a particular set of people. Then it is ideal to look into the available forms or styles of newspaper publications. Thus, the basic newspaper forms that readers do patronized are:
In a more technical sense, a tabloid newspaper is that newspaper that measures typically 11 by 17 inches, often smaller in size than the broadsheet. Though not quite popular these days, there are still enormous media houses in the U.S. and U.K. that still published in this style.
What’s more, tabloid newspaper is usually styled and formatted to have just five columns across. Thus, most newspaper readers living in a busy environment prefer tabloid form because it is easier to carry around and read while traveling by bus or on the train.
However, one of the early tabloid newspapers in the United States was the famous ‘The New York Sun’ which started in 1833. It was affordable, very easy to carry around and its detailed illustrations with crime reporting caught the attention of the working-class readers.
Broadsheet as a newspaper form refers to the highly patronized and the most famous newspaper format anywhere across the globe, it is measure typically around 15 inches or thereabouts wide to 20 inches or more long in the United States, albeit their sizes do vary around the globe.
Accordingly, broadsheet newspapers format tends to have six columns and usually employ a customary approach to gathering news and information that lay more emphasis on an in-depth coverage. In broadsheet papers, most of their articles are often written with a sobering tone and their editorials are mostly directed to educated and fairly affluent readers.
However, the most respected and influential broadsheet newspapers in the U.S. include; The New York Times, The Wall Street Journal and The Washington Post.
- Digital newspapers
The last and the most recent newspaper format is the digital newspaper or the online news. Although majority of the digital newspaper is owned by the traditional media houses, this form of presenting news is increasingly growing in terms of readers and subscribers.
Essentially, the most media outlets enjoy using the digital capabilities in getting rich and quick information, displaying multimedia projects like videos and infographics, etc. Beyond the conventional newspapers, many digital newspapers are targeting niche audiences or younger demographics.
Types of Newspaper
Haven briefly explained the two major newspapers format, now is the time to dwell on the subject matter of discourse i.e. the newspaper types. Without further delay, they are:
National newspaper or national dailies is a type of periodicals that are published either on a daily basis or bi-weekly. It covers a very wide range of events and news topics. Basically, this class of newspaper has a predominant aim or focus on national news, although they do incorporate little news from the other part of the world.
Without any prejudice, the national daily covers a wider geographical location than any other newspaper type and it is read by a very versed audience. Other than disseminating timely news, national dailies published the largest amount of adverts too, because of their wide range of circulation.
Similarly, national newspapers do hone in business news, international news, politics and a bit amount of entertainment. Readership of the national newspapers varied as it draws its readers as well as subscribers from the different region of the country. However, with the coming of online news, national dailies have continued to fall in the recent years.
- Regional Newspaper
Regional newspaper or metropolitan dailies are kind of newspaper that are published in a similar pattern or frequency as that of national dailies although they are furnished with news, happenings, events and ads from regional areas.
In the same, being a regional or metropolitan daily, these newspapers types do devote a page or section particularly for national news even though there bone of contention is usually on local government issues, lifestyles, politics, entertainment, fashion and sports.
More so, the readers or subscribers of regional newspaper do refer to it as their ”hometown” or “local” newspaper and they are typically confined such direct geographic entity. In addition, metropolitan newspapers do have zoned editions too, which is basically focused on local news, sports and politics from the communities or suburb surrounding the larger cities.
Summary – Types of Newspaper
From the above discussed, it is clear that there are three classes of newspaper format that are highly patronized by news reader; broadsheet, tabloid and the digital or online format. All of them have their economic importance as tabloid is appealing to the working class and digital is celebrated mostly by all.
Also, the major newspaper type is the national and regional. From their names, it’s apparent that the national dailies cover all the news events that are related to the whole country while regional tends to focus on a particular area or region, with little or no interest in the national affairs.